Here Lies Love in Rehearsal. Ruthie Anne Miles, center, stars as Imelda Marcos. Photo c/o Justin Levine
Forty Years Ago
Jose Llana, who plays the role of Marcos in the Public's presentation of Here Lies Love, recently received the following post from Danilo Luis M. Mariano, who lives in Manila and was detained by the AFP on March 30th, 1973. To commemorate the 40th Anniversary (and also with the timely opening of Here Lies Love at the Public), he sent this statement.
Danilo Luis M. Mariano
Forty years ago, on the 30th of March 1973, plainclothes operatives of the Philippine Constabulary (PC) grabbed me from my parents’ house at Heroes Hills, Quezon City. In the middle of the night, they forced me into the back of an unmarked Toyota Land Cruiser. I was made to sit in front of a burly mestizo whom I would later learn was a sergeant in the PC, the military precursor of the Philippine National Police.
Chomping on a siopao, the mestizo flashed a smile. He took a paper bag beside him, and offered me its contents. I took out a bun and tried to look cool by biting into it; try as I might though I couldn't swallow even a morsel because my salivary glands had shut down. Sensing my discomfort, he said to me in a friendly enough tone: "Kain lang nang kain, bata." Then, he added: "Tutal, isusuka mo naman 'yan mayamaya." To this day, I will only most reluctantly put a Chinese-style steamed bun in my mouth.
Ferdinand E. Marcos had placed the entire Philippines under martial law just six months earlier and the authorities had enforced a midnight to dawn curfew. But people were so fearful of what the regime’s mouthpieces would eventually call "constitutional authoritarianism" that they preferred to remain inside the security of their homes, such as it was, as soon as darkness fell. The drive to the PC headquarters at Camp Crame must have taken no more than a quarter of an hour, but it seemed much, much longer than 15 minutes in my 20-year-old mind, which was by then gripped by paralyzing fear.
The Land Cruiser stopped at the driveway of a two-story building deep within the bowels of Crame; I would later be told that it housed the innocuous sounding 5th Constabulary Security Unit (CSU). I would soon discover that the 5th CSU deserved every bit of its notoriety as one of the most brutal units of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, or AFP. As I got off the Toyota 4x4, I realized that there had been other vehicles similarly carrying plainclothesmen who had evidently been involved in the operation to get me.
I was escorted through the main corridor and made to enter the office of Major Miguel Aure, who sat expressionless behind his desk. He gave me the once over, looking at me from the top of my then long-haired head to the bottom of my scruffy sneakers. Then he glanced at the sofa to one side of his table where a man slightly older than me was sitting. "Kilala mo ba 'yan?" Aure asked. Of course, I knew the guy; we called him "Ketchup." When I feigned ignorance, the Major laughed. So did the other officers and enlisted personnel inside his office. So did Ketchup.
Ketchup, I eventually learned, was a DPA, a deep-penetration agent, who had wormed his way inside the movement, gathering information and reporting to his handlers in the 5th CSU. He had done such a thorough job that in the round-up of alleged communist ACPs, or Armed City Partisans, which included me, only a handful managed to slip through the dragnet. It was further information on those slippery comrades that Aure and his team had been working on.
By the time they arrested me, however, they seemed to have already gathered enough intelligence for a glowing post-operations report to their masters in Malacañang. After the usual processing where I had my mug shots, fingerprints and personal information taken, one officer seemed to have taken a disliking to me. He held me by my hippie tresses, shoved me into a foul-smelling toilet and dunked me headlong into a crapper. He was sunburnt and wiry, spoke with the guttural accent of Northern Luzon. He was Rodolfo Aguinaldo, then a PC lieutenant, a fresh graduate of the Philippine Military Academy, Class of 1971. What I suffered in his hands was nothing compared to what he did to countless other young men and women in his fervent desire to advance his military career throughout the 14 years of martial law. He eventually rose to the rank of colonel; and after the dictatorship was dismantled in 1986 he managed to make a name for himself in local politics, rising to the post of governor of Cagayan province. It was while he was running for a seat in Congress that the communist-led NPA, or New People's Army, finally caught up with him and exacted what it called "revolutionary justice" on him, from the business end of a semi-automatic pistol. Several other torturers would meet a similar end.
Back to March 30, 1973. After my initiation to what turned out be standard operating procedure at the 5th CSU, I was allowed to clean myself up as best I could from a faucet where water flowed sporadically. I was then brought to the back of the building and placed inside a holding cell that had been designed for two inmates. In fact, several other comrades of mine were already there. In the next two weeks that cell would become even more congested.
By the time Aure and his men were through with their roundup, there were about two dozen or so of us alleged ACPs in custody; thankfully, they did not jam all of us into that tiny cell. The names of those I remember include, Mon Veluz, a dropout from the University of Diliman at Diliman who was accused of being a ranking member of the Manila-Rizal committee of the Communist Party of the Philippines, or CPP, and organizer of the ACP as the urban component of the NPA; Tony Robles, a combat judo black belter and graduate of the Philippine College of Criminology who had once dreamed of joining the Manila Police Department just like his father; Joey Papa, a student of the Philippine College of Commerce (now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines) who had formed youth groups in Balut, Tondo; Arno Sanidad, a former college councilor at UP Manila and son of an Ilocos Sur congressman; Bobi Tiglao, an Ateneo de Manila student who allegedly headed the Manila-Rizal committee of the CPP; Raquel Edralin, a UP Diliman student, niece of Marcos and wife of Tiglao; Boyet Navarro, a Torres High School student and son of Brig. Gen. Manuel Navarro, then PC chief in Bicol; Osong Garcia, an employee of a pest control company; Dolphy Laurente, a Divisoria toughie, Sigue-Sigue Sputnik gang boss and ex-convict; and Val (whose surname I forget) a tricycle driver in Project 2 who was barely out of puberty.
For two weeks, we were all subjected to sleep deprivation and kept incommunicado. Relatives and friends who were brave enough to look for us, including Tess, my wife of barely two years, were cruelly given the run-around when they asked for our whereabouts at Camp Crame. We were regularly given the proverbial third degree, not so much to extract information but just for the heck of it. Aguinaldo was a particularly enthusiastic torturer although I must say that some of his men seemed uncomfortable with the indignities we were treated to—but they did not have the nerve to do anything about it. The strong-willed Raquel had an especially bad time; when she loudly protested our ill-treatment, one 5th CSU officer (Aguinaldo again, I think) banged her head on the wall repeatedly; I suspect that incident led her to develop brain cancer, which eventually caused her demise some years later.
When Aure and his men were finally through with us, we were farmed out to various detention facilities. One group, that included Mon Veluz, Bobi Tiglao and Raquel Edralin, was brought to the Ipil center at Fort Bonifacio. Another was detained at Camp Aguinaldo.
A third group, which included Tony Robles, Osong Garcia, Arno Sanidad and myself, were detained at the stockades in Camp Crame. There, the physical torture finally stopped; nonetheless we spent several months in psychological anguish not knowing what fate awaited us.
My arrest and detention totalled just six months; it was comparatively short. I later learned that my Waray mother and brother, who was close to the group of Alfredo "Bejo" Romualdez, had personally appealed to Imelda Marcos to cut short my confinement. Most of my comrades, however, were not as lucky. Some would spend years behind bars, with no other charge than the catch-all "Violation of Republic Act No. 1700," also known as the Anti-Subversion Law.
Upon our release, we were required to report weekly to the Intelligence Service of the AFP, or ISAFP, at Camp Aguinaldo with a detailed account of our activities over the past seven days. We were not allowed to talk to the press. We could not leave what was then called the "Greater Manila Area" without ISAFP permission. We were not to contact our former comrades. Yeah, right.
Many of us tried to rebuild our lives as best we could, and still somehow managed to maintain our ties to the movement; in various capacities, we continued to support the CPP until it began to show fatal flaws and started to self-destruct. I went back to school, then began a career as a journalist and raised a family. Many of my comrades did the same. Mon Veluz would later join a group of former political prisoners who filed a successful class suit in the United States against Marcos that awarded nearly US$2 billion to some 10,000—later pared down to about 7,500—martial law victims. Arno Sanidad went on to law school and became a human rights lawyer. Bobi Tiglao was kicked out of the Ateneo, like many other radicals, transferred to UP and launched a career in journalism; he, controversially, joined the cabinet of President Gloria M. Arroyo and was later appointed Philippine ambassador to Greece. Boyet Navarro went back to school too and later started a small business. Others went overseas. Some, however, were simply unable to move on. One drank himself to an early grave. Another hopped through a string of relationships. Still others went back underground.
We somehow managed to survive arrest, torture and imprisonment—and that is reason to be grateful, if not to fate, then certainly to Divine Providence. Others were not as privileged.
On this Easter Sunday, may I ask you to join me in prayer, silent or otherwise, for the eternal repose of those who were snatched by the forces of tyranny from 1972 to 1986 in various parts of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao—and were never heard from again. They are the “desaparecidos,” and an organization called Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance (FIND) has listed down their names:
ALDAY AMILUSIN, RUHANA JULKARN JUMDAIL, HARANA JULKARNAN, ITTI SAHIRON, LILLOH MANAJI, PINDAN AIDANI, HUDAYYA SAHI, MARAN AIDANI, ALBANI SAPPARI, ASAMUDDIN SADJARANI, RAKIB SADJARANI, MUKTADIR SARI AHMAD, SAKKAM SADDANG, ADING AGIL, SAHILA MANADALI, MAHMOD SADJARANI, KAHIYULAN JULKARNAIN, HARANA ABUBAKAR, MOTEM KILAM, MOHAMMAD ABDILLAH, ALAMADDIN KUSSAIN, SABAYAN SALIK, SUKON AGUIO, AMANODIN SALIK, DATU ALI ADUK, MARTIN SABANG, DATU ULAYA, MONERA ABIDIN, IBRAHIM ABDULLAH, ROLANDO MUSTASA, ARNULFO ESPINAR, CLEMENTE LISTANA, MODESTO ALIM, WILFREDO LUANSING, GRANCIANO VALENCIA, CRESENCIO BARNUEVO, JOAQUIN SARDO, ALBERTO GUBAN, GUALBERTO GUBAN, JUAN BANTON, MARVIN BANTON, ELINO RADA, GERIMO SACREZ, BENJAMIN BILMEN, JOSE RILLES, FELICIANO PABRES, ROBERTO MABEZA, RODOLFO LAROYA, BENJAMIN NAVERA, EMMANUEL CASULLA, EMMANUEL CASULLA, CRISTINO TARROBAGO, REYNALDO NAPILI, SANTIAGO RAMOS, NILO VALERIO, SOLEDAD SALVADOR, CRESTETA FERNANDEZ, JESSE PASCUA, REYNALDO TIMBOL, SALVADOR SANTOS, ROBERTO SANTOS, LAMBERTO GUINTO, ROGELIO PANGAN, EXEQUEL OCAMPO, JOHANNES BARROZO, NENITA LUNETA, EUGENIO FLORES, BIENVENIDO PEREZ, HERMINNIO MALLARI, RODOLFO RAMOS, PABLO CASTRO, ALBERTO LUMANLAN, ANTONIO STA. ANA, VIVENCIO SANTOS, GEMELIANA PAGUIO, EDUARDO DIZON, ISABEL RAMOS, BRAULIO CORULLIO, GUIDO RAQUINO, ERNING YADAO, DOMINGO ALMUETE, LITO QUILICOT, ANTONIO SAMBAJON, REYNALDO YANDOC, SILVESTRE AZARES JR., FRANCISCO CRUZ, VIRGILIO FACTORAN, ENRIQUE LEAL, ROGELIO BERNARDO, REYNALDO BUAN, ROGELIO ALFONSO, DANILO GONZALES, JESUS ARCILLA, BEN PANGAN, NENITA MENDOZA, FERNANDO QUIAMBAO, JULIO MANIACUP, ESMERALDO ALMAZAN, ARNULFO RODRIGUEZ, ERNESTO BACANI, JOSE BERNALDO, ANTONIO VILLANUEVA, MARIO DAYONDON, OSCAR MONDEJAR, ARNULFO MONDEJAR, ARCADIO TUMULAK, SATURNINO CENIZAL, ROSALINDO YUSON, PRECILLANO MAAT, LOSOD AMBORNO, RAMON PALMA, JERRY RENTA, TIBURCIO RENTA, LAMBERTO YUSON, BONIFACIO DEAMONTE, TIBURCIO CUBOL, DONATO VILLARUBIA JR., RODOLFO BOOC, JULIE GURAY, BEBOT CABASAG, DARIO GAWISAO, HERMIE MAHASOL, ROSEMINDA GUMAMPO, RONIE RAPAL, ROMINA PACQUIO, MARIO SAGRADO JR., NARCISO EMBODO, EVANGELINE TUGANAS, NILO IGNACIO, RICO QUINICO, MARCIAL ALFON, WILFREDO MORENO, CESAR VILLADORES, FEDERICO MIRAL, ORLANDO GONZALES, FR. RUDY ROMANO, ROLAN YBANEZ, BENITO SIPSIP, TENOY TAGULAYLAY, BERNARDO VIAJEDOR, MELANIO PAL, DOMINGO PAL, REYNALDO PAL, MARCELO JABASA, IGNACIO BUENAFE, REGINO ESPENESIN SR., PABLO PAJAROJA, QUIRINO PAJAROJA, OLIVER RONCALES, CONRADO ACEBU, CONRADO DALUTE, JIMMY ABULOK, TOTO ACIBAR, ROBERTO AMPARO, ADONIS ANISKAL, ROSEO SENOC, FELICIANO SENOC, CORNILLIO SENOC, TRINIDAD BARTOLO, NORBERTO UDTUJAN, ULDARICO MANOG SR., ROMAN ECHANO, REGELIO SECSON, TEOFILO ESCORRO, FRANCISCO ESCORRO, BONIFACIO AMARILLO, ARSENIO BARTOLO, LUCIANO ASTIGI, DELFIN EMPON, SANTIAGO REYES, EDITO BERSOLA, MARIANITO ABAENCIA, ALBERTO MORENO, FEDERICO ODANG, ALFREDO LOGROSA, LEAH AMIDAO, MIGUEL AMIDAO, MARIANO ACEBUCHE, MARCELINO LUCABAN, VICENTE ABELLA, ALFRED CUPAT, BEBE CUPAT, FLORENCIO DANIEL, AGAPITO PADILLA, GABINO TANAID, JOVITO VELASCO, OSCAR LOGROSA, ISAAC DE GUZMAN, MARCIAL ASIONG, RODOLFO AMATE, DASOL NANQUIL, DIOSDADO MONTIZA, VICTOR ELORDE, VICENTE RAUTRAOT, TEDDY RABELISTA, RODOLFO GANAS, EUFRONIO QUINO, DIOSDADO YBANEZ, HENRY QUINO, ADOLFO PAHAY, GINA LOMONGO, WARLITO CEMENO, ZOILO CEMENO, MARIO CANONIGO, LAMAC-LAMAC TORENCIA, AMOR TABIOS, SEGUNDINA MICABALO, RUDY MACAPAYAT, HENRY HILARIO, CIRILO RUBIO, ROGELIO TORREGOSA, MONTELLA SANTOS, JAIME DAGASUAN, RENEBOY DEL ROSARIO, ALEJANDRO GEMONGALA, RENATO BAUNITES, SIMEON SISON, FORTUNATO PACOMIOS, ADOLFO NERI, MARCELINO NERI, LUCIANO LAWAS, BRENDO PELUCIO, EUROLOGIO TADLIP, ELEAZAR TUBAL, RICARDO LACONA, DELFIN MAGADAN, REYNALDO RECOLETO, BOY SOCADES, MARCELINO COMING, VICENTE DAWA, ROSENDO MAGADAN, VICTORINO MAGADAN, WILFREDO ALABAN, JERRY CASONA, FLORENTINO GALARPE, ANICETA WASLO, LOURDESIO OBSIOMA, DANTE FRONDOSO, ANICETO CAGADAS, ANDRESITA CAGADAS, JESUS BOTER, WINEFREDA BUSBOS, FELIPE RETITA, HERMOGENES BOREROS, SHERLITO JAMITO, CIRILO TADLIP, IRENEO PRUTA, DANILO MAGSANOS, CARLOS DEL ROSARIO, EDWIN NARTATES, MANUEL ONTONG, EMMANUEL YAP, EMANUEL ALVAREZ, LOUIE DEMONTANO, LETICIA LADLAD, ENRIQUE ROMERO, CARLOS TAYAG, GERARDO FAUSTINO, VICTOR REYES, ROMEO CABRERA, JESSICA SALES, ERWIN DE LA TORRE, RAMON JASUL, HERMON LAGMAN, RIZALINA ILAGAN, MODESTO SISON, ARDIANA VILLAVER, CRISTINA CATALLA, EDISON CORONADO, BENEDICTO COME, FLORENCIO PESQUESA, TITO MAURICIO, MAMERTO GRANADOS, TEODORICO RAAGAS JR., YOLANDA GORDULA, CEFERINO FLORES JR., DANILA DELDOC SR., ROBERTO LUMABAN, ELYCOPER RABURAR, TIMOTEO OLIVAREZ, EMMANUEL PARDALIS, VENERANDO VILLACILLO, DAVID BARRIOS JR., HILARIO TAGUDIN, ARSENIO PEREZ, VICTORIANO BAUTISTA, MARIANO LOPEZ, ARNULFO RESUS, ROMEO CRISMO, SANTIAGO AGUINALDO, JUANITA APILIT, APOLONIO TION, RODOLFO CARVAJAL, FELINO MALINAO, GUALBERTO DALAYAN, MAURECIO TORCIENDE, EMELIO MANTALOGCO, NARCISO LETRAN, CHRISTUTO TAGLOCOP, VIRGIE BUSTILLO, LOURDES LANDERO, ROMEO LANDERO, JULITO OLASIMAN, ROBERTO TAGLOCOP, MARCELO SILAGAN, NANCY JOSOL, JOSELITO PATORGO, ROLANDO ALOS, ROLANDO OBBUS, ROGELIO SULLANO, LOURDES SAMSON, JUAN ESTORIA JR., JULIETO MAHINAY, BERNARDO BUNTAG, TEODORO IBARRA, MELECIO LUIB JR., REYNALDO MENDOZA, ELSIE RAVELO, HILDITA BUHIYA, ZITA CARREDO, RAUL ACERO, FLORDELIZA GORGONIO, PEDRO GALLANERO JR., SIMEON JAGAPE JR., CENON LAGUE, FRANCISCO BALUCAN, POPING JAMAR JR., EDDIE ALMONTE, RICARDO KIPKIPAN, CARLITO BOLAQUINIA, PORPERIO AGAY, ROGELIO CORTEL, JERRY CARACA, FELIPE CLAVE, JULIETO DOCDOC, MATEO LURUPAN, PASTOR MOLINO, DOMINGO ORIJAS, ALLAN PARROCO, FELIXBERTO SESCON, JULIUS TAPARO, LINO TAPARO, JUAN MATIGA, ENECITO LUAD, PEDRO ANDUHAYAN JR., CHARLO ABUEVA, TEODORO GONZALES, PEDRO PARADERO, VEVENCIO GONZALES, JESSICA EMPLEO, ENESTA EMPLEO, MAXIMINO EMPLEO, EDGARDO MANGADLAW, JOSEPHINE REYES, JAIME JAMERO, EFREN LAMBAN, FLAVIANO NAVARRO, ROMEO RAG, GEMMA EMPLEO, PETER ANINON, ELEUTERIO LAURITO, DODONG LAGAS, BERNANDINO DELEGER, ALFREDO MENDOZA, PANGANDIGAN ADIL, VICENTE CABRERA, EUSTEQUIO CABRERA, MARCELINO CABRERA, PRIMITIVO HERBOLINGO, ELPIDIO FLORES, ROBERTO LUZON, ZALIKA BAKAR, AMINA GAWIN , ANTONIO SANCHEZ, ILUMINADA DUQUIATAN, JOSEFINO DUQUIATAN, ALFREDO SABALLA, ALI TALUSAN, ARQUELINO MAGHANOY, FACUNDO MILAGROSA, EPIFANIO PUEBLA, ROBERT SAYRE, JEREMIAS MALLARGO, BENJAMIN DE VERA, JOAQUIN MONTEJO JR., ALEXBERTO CABRERA, ROMAN ALGARME, MANOLITO JAYME, JUANITO VILLARIN, NESTOR DOROMAL, RODOLFO MARZAN, SERGIO GARCIA, CARLITO TAN, RENE HAVA, BIENVINIDO URAY, LORENZO CABIGON, ARCADIO YAMBO, PENAJERO SANTOS, ANASTACIO ESGUERRA, EFREN DIAZ, HECTOR PETILLA SR., ELMERITO PINO-ON, JOHNNY CHAVEZ, RICARDO SANTILLAN, FRNCISCA LONZAGA, BENJAMIN ANDO, ROGELIO OCATE, LORENZO CALUNGSOD, ALFREDO URAY, TAYON NAYA, LAIDA TACUYAN, SARAH TACUYAN, OMARLITO ROBLES, ANTONIO TACUYAN, DANILO BOSTON, NOLINITO MUNEZ, ROMEO RENDON, BENJAMIN SWERTE, MARCEL ROXAS, REY CAMIS, NORBERTO ACEBEDO, MOISES ROSANES, ARMANDO MENDOZA, ELMA LUDOVICO JR., EMERLINDA DE MESA, PASTOR ARMIA, SEBASTIAN MATIBAG, WILLIAM BARAGAIS, ARMIA PASTOR, BENITO SACLUTI, RODELIO MANAOG, ALBERT ENRIQUEZ, HERNANDO GAMIT, CANSOLANTRIX DAPILOS, PALERMO LOMBRES SR. , BIENVENIDO BODIONGAN, ROY LORENZO ACEBEDO, NOLITO ACEBEDO, WAHID DIAMLA, GANNIE ARRA, JUANITO ENDOS, PESINA SATE, BIENVENIDO CATUBIG, ERNESTO CAYUPASAN, HILARIO SARAH, ROGELIO DITUYA, TEOFILO LANZADERAS, NESTOR NARCA,IRENEO CARREON, ACMAD BAGUINDA, ERENEO CAREON, BINTURI MATANGAL, WENCESLAO MAVIDA, CONRADO MAVIDA, GERONIMO GUIMBO, ARSENIO SUMINO, CARLITO ABOGADA, JOSE GERONIMO, IBRAHIM SARABI, ANASTACIO OBELLE, NONITA ADIN, SAMUEL TAMBULA, OSTING PILLARES, MARCIANO TALAY , OSTING TILLARES, ROSENDO BINONG, ROBERTO VILLAREIZ, OSIN BINONG, FRANCISCO LABRADOR, ARTEMIO MAGLINTE, AQUILIO GUMINTA, AUGUSTIN BAGUIO, DINDO SUMINOD, CIRILO TAMPARONG, ANTONIO UGDAO,NILO PACULANANG, FRUCTUOUSO EJERCITO, LUCIO MACASANDIAO, ATANACIO OVELLE, ROBERTO BANTILAN, MARIO MAGLANGIT, JAIME ACURAM, MARIO ACURAM, MAXIMO LAGUMBAY, ELEUETERIO GUMAMAY, IGLECERIO UNYONG, CLAUDIO CA-AY, GREGORIO ODIAN, IRENEO MONSANTO, ELENO VILLAS, SATURNINO ODIAN, PAULINO PONDARA, CHRISTOPHER CELICIOUS, PACIFICO ACURAM, ANTONIO BRANGGAN JR., CELSO DADIA-ON, PEDRO TORMES, VALERIANO OMBAY, JOVINAL DURILAG, JOSE DESCANO, LUCIO MACASANDIAO, GAUDEOSO SABILLO, LUZMINDA ALBELOROS, RODRIGO QUIZO, EPINITO HALASAN, GARCIANO GARIDOS, ALBERTO YURONG, FRANCISCO CUMAYAS, VIRGILIO BADIAO, JOSE ANDALAY, LEONDARDO BANTILAN, DORIKO BABA, MONDITO CALATAY, ESTRIPONIO CAPANGPANGAN, DIOSDADO HICALE, ROMEO MAGBANUA, RAMON GEGUDAS, BENJAMEN BAHIYO, JENALYN GIGANTO, PABLITO LENJIJA, JIMMY RAPISTA, OSCAR LASTIMOSO, MAURICIO DE BELEN, PROBO CONDEZ JR., SALVADOR MUNDING, RENATO BAUTISTA, ENRIQUE,DOCTO, ALFREDO CABASA IGMEDEO CABASA, GONZALO COLUMBRES JR., NORBERTO TOMPONG, JOLLY BADAYOS, RICARDO MAGDAYAO, LOLITO LIMACO, ERNESTO APROVECHAR, AGUSTIN BARNIZO, LINTOY PLACIDO, EDGAR TIMBAD, JUANITO ALOJEPAN,MARIO DALI-AN, MENEZ TABUTABO, ALFREDO RAYNO MAURICIO RAYNO, LODOVICO CANOY, JOSE RICOMONO, EUGENIO MAQUIRANG, ROGELIO GATILAS, ERNESTO AMET, EMILIO TOGONON, RUPERTO AGUIRRE JR., JOHN SEVA, HARRISON ARZAGA, IRENEO GARIO, ROMEO SEBUGAN, EDDIE DEMERIN, RODEO DEMETILLO, RAUL PACETE, NESTOR MONDEGA, RODRIGO LAIDO, RUFINO ANCOY, AURELIA DE LEON, MA.VICTORIA MAT ESPANO, MELENCIO YANSON, JOEL JIMENEZ, SAMUEL PADAYUGDOG, HELEN JUAYANG, ANASTACIO DEMERIN, RUBEN BANHAO, CESAR MAMON, ORLANDO GONZALO.
Eternal rest grant unto them, O Lord.
And let perpetual light shine upon them.
May they rest in peace.
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Lady Bird Johnson (left), President Ferdinand Marcos,
President Lyndon B. Johnson and Imelda Marcos at the White House, c. 1966. Photo:
Marion Trikosko. c/o The Library of Congress